A geography of iraq

Upper Mesopotamia The uplands region, between the Tigris north of Samarra and the Euphrates north of Hitis known as Al Jazira the island and is part of a larger area that extends westward into Syria between the two rivers and into Turkey. Water in the area flows in deeply cut valleys, and irrigation is much more difficult than it is in the lower plain.

A geography of iraq

Upper Mesopotamia The uplands region, between the Tigris north of Samarra and the Euphrates north of Hitis known as Al Jazira the island and is part of a larger area that extends westward into Syria between the two rivers and into Turkey. Water in the area flows in deeply cut valleys, and irrigation is much more difficult than it is in the lower plain.

The southwest areas of this zone are classified as desert or semi-desert. The northern parts, which include such places like the Nineveh PlainsDuhok and Zakhomainly consist of Mediterranean vegetation.

The vegetation cyclically dries out and appear brown in the virtually arid summer and flourish in the wet winter. Here the Tigris and Euphrates rivers lie above the level of the plain in many places, A geography of iraq the whole area is a river delta interlaced by the channels of the two rivers and by irrigation canals.

Intermittent lakesfed by the rivers in flood, also characterize southeastern Iraq. Much of it is permanent marsh, but some parts dry out in early winter, and other parts become marshland only in years of great flood. Because the waters of the Tigris and Euphrates above their confluence are heavily silt - laden, irrigation and fairly frequent flooding deposit large quantities of silty loam in much of the delta area.

Windborne silt contributes to the total deposit of sediments. It has been estimated that the delta plains are built up at the rate of nearly twenty centimeters in a century.

A geography of iraq

In some areas, major floods lead to the deposit in temporary lakes of as much as thirty centimeters of mud.

The Tigris and Euphrates also carry large quantities of salts. These, too, are spread on the land by sometimes excessive irrigation and flooding. A high water table and poor surface and subsurface drainage tend to concentrate the salts near the surface of the soil. In general, the salinity of the soil increases from Baghdad south to the Persian Gulf and severely limits productivity in the region south of Al Amarah.

Geography of Iraq - Chronicle urbanagricultureinitiative.com

There are two other major lakes in the country to the north of Bahr al Milh: Buhayrat ath Tharthar and Buhayrat al Habbaniyah. These " Baghdad Belts " can be described as the provinces adjacent to the Iraqi capital and can be divided into four quadrants: Northeast, Southeast, Southwest, and Northwest.

Beginning in the north, the belts include the province of Salah ad Dinclockwise to Baghdad province, Diyala in the North-east, Babil and Wasit in the south east and around to Al Anbar in the west.

Northern Iraq The northeastern highlands begin just south of a line drawn from Mosul to Kirkuk and extend to the borders with Turkey and Iran. Except for a few valleys, the mountain area proper is suitable only for grazing in the foothills and steppes; adequate soil and rainfall, however, make cultivation possible.GEOGRAPHY Iraq is dominated by two famous rivers: the Tigris and the Euphrates.

They flow southeast from the highlands in the north across the plains toward the Persian Gulf. Iraq: Iraq, country of southwestern Asia. During ancient times, lands that now constitute Iraq were known as Mesopotamia.

Geography of Iraq

The modern nation-state of Iraq was created following World War I from the Ottoman provinces of Baghdad, Al-Basrah, and Mosul. The capital city is Baghdad. GEOGRAPHY Iraq is dominated by two famous rivers: the Tigris and the Euphrates. They flow southeast from the highlands in the north across the plains toward the Persian Gulf.

Geography. Geography. Baghdad.

A geography of iraq

Iraq, situated in what was ancient Mesopotamia, occupies the eastern wing of the Fertile Crescent, the relatively fertile area of land in the otherwise arid region of the Middle East and North Africa. Iraq is bordered to the north by Turkey, to the east by Iran, to the west by Syria and Jordan, and to the south by.

Iran's western borders are with Turkey in the north and Iraq in the south, terminating at the Arvand Rud. The Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman littorals form the entire 1, kilometres (1, mi) southern border.

Geography and Climate of Iraq Iraq is located in the Middle East along the Persian Gulf and between Iran and Kuwait. It has an area of , square miles (, sq km).

Geography of Iran - Wikipedia