Confucius - Old Ideas for a Modern China? This was a uniquely curious historical interlude: The unveiling of the statue prompted a flurry of commentary at the time.
Is Happier Always Better? Of course what Westerners now call Confucianism has changed over the years, just like the other major philosophies that have flourished in the East: Following on from previous posts on philosophers Epicurus and Schopenhaueras well as the modern obsession with self-help booksI look at what Ancient Chinese philosophies have to teach us about how to be happy.
In an article in the Journal of Happiness Studies, Zhang and Veenhoven in press compare the ancient Chinese versions of Taosim, Buddhism and Confucianism with the modern conditions of happiness. This means a feeling of concern for the wellbeing of others. Those following Confucianism should bring Jen into both their social relations and, so far as they are able, into society itself.
Compared with the modern observed conditions of happiness this looks like good advice. Generally speaking marriage makes us happier, more friends make us happier and people are especially happy if they have someone to confide in.
Classical Taoism goes along with this point but ancient Buddhism runs counter to the evidence, advising the avoidance of intimate ties. Embrace society Society is accepted within Confucianism and the philosophy encourages its followers to engage in it.
Looking at the research, this is also good advice. People who are members of clubs, churches and other organisations are happier, people who have a job are happier, and so on.
The evidence shows that this is also true at a societal level. Countries in which people have the densest networks of friends are also those in which people are the happiest. In comparison, ancient Taoism says retreat to nature and Buddhism says withdraw completely from society — both these points of view are suspect if happiness is your goal.
Be successful Confucianism recommends a devotion to your occupation. The wealth earned from working is also seen in a positive light within Confucianism.
In contrast both ancient Taoism and Buddhism are sniffy about earnings. Have fun Confucius thought moderate amounts of fun were acceptable. This is backed up by modern research finding that people who engage in pleasurable activities are happier I know, surprise surprise!
Follow-up studies show no long-term disadvantages to a bit of short-term fun. Live healthily Still in the land of the blindingly obvious — yes, people who are healthier are happier.
Despite this the self-evident nature of this advice, ancient Chinese Buddhism actually recommends physical privation. Meet your obligations One of the most important aspects of ancient Chinese Confucianism is a sense of duty and responsibility.
At a societal level, however, people who live in collectivist societies, like the Chinese, tend to be less happier than those who live in individualistic societies. One thing is clear though, it is better to live in a more educated society, even if others are more educated than us.
Education is partly endorsed by Taoism, while classical Buddhism advises avoiding school completely. Again, Confucianism wins on this one. This clearly anticipates modern research finding that we quickly get used to new positive experiences so that they no longer continue to increase our happiness.
There is a considerable variation within each of these schools of thought — so much so that for the present purposes the modern versions might as well be completely different schools of philosophy.
Ancient Buddhism does fare badly in this comparison, but people do vary considerably in what they want from philosophical teachings.Society is accepted within Confucianism and the philosophy encourages its followers to engage in it.
Looking at the research, this is also good advice. People who are members of clubs, churches and other organisations are happier, people who have a job are happier, and so on. Confucius - Old Ideas for a Modern China? Updated Friday 3rd July Professor Roel Sterckx explores how the philosophy of Confucius still influences modern China.
Confucius (?? BCE), according to Chinese tradition, was a thinker, political figure, educator, and founder of the Ru School of Chinese thought.
Confucius (?? BCE), according to Chinese tradition, was a thinker, political figure, educator, look like an alternative, and considerably briefer, version of the Analects.
Confucius and his followers also inspired considerable criticism from other thinkers.
Feb 06, · This great Chinese philosopher believed in everything we ignore nowadays: tradition, institution, obedience and order. That’s why he matters. If you like our films take a look at our shop (we.
The other driving philosophy of dynastic China was created by a politician, musician, and philosopher named Confucius. Born in B.C.E., Confucius wandered throughout China, first as a government employee, and later .