Aztecs agriculture

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Aztecs agriculture

New info Aztec Agriculture - Rich and Varied In the days of the empire, Aztec agriculture was a lot more complex that growing a few stalks of maize. The remarkable farming practices of the peoples in central Mexico has been studied and Aztecs agriculture ever since. Prior to the Spanish conquest of Mexico, Aztec society ruled the central Mexico, built on the foundations of Mesoamerica.

Aztec society was highly structured and complex, and the political emphasis was working as a larger unit with smaller parts that worked together.

Taken at the National Anthropological Museum in Mexico City Just as other aspects of this society, Aztec agriculture was highly developed, and has become famous in studies of history. From the chinampas to the terrace crops grown, the Aztecs planned and organized their farming and worked for the benefit of the culture.

Chinampas Aztec agriculture in the heart of the empire used chinampas for their crops. Chinampa is a method of farming that used small, rectangular areas to grow crops on the shallow lake beds in the Mexican valley. Chinampas were essentially artificial islands created for the crops.

An area was staked out in the lake bed, usually about thirty by two and a half meters. Once the area was fenced off, the farmers layered it with mud, sediment, and decaying vegetation until it was above the level of the lake.

Trees were also often planted in the corners to help secure the area. These islands then provided rich soil for crops with easy access to water. The farmers used channels between the islands to get to each area by canoe.

Read more about this type of Aztec farming here.

Aztecs - Wikipedia

Other methods of Aztec agriculture In addition to chinampas, the Aztec farmers practiced terracing to provide more usable land. In terracing, walls of stone were created in hillsides, then filled in to create deeper soil that could be used, even if the land wasn't flat.

People also often created their own gardens to grow fruits and vegetables for their families, although commoners were expected to give tributes to the nobles of their land, according to the societal hierarchy. Crops The most common crop grown by the Aztecs was maize, also known as corn, and it was also the most important.

Maize could be stored for long periods of time, and in addition to being eaten as it was, it could be ground into flour and made into other foods. Squash was another important crop in Aztec agriculture. There are many varieties of squash that were utilized by Aztec farmers based on how they could be best used as a food source.

The pumpkin, for example, was used often because its seeds provided a great deal of protein. And the bottle gourd was grown because after being eaten, it could be used as a water container.The Aztec Empire flourished between c.

Aztec | Facts, Location, & Culture |

and CE and, at its greatest extent, covered most of northern Mesoamerica. Aztec warriors were able to dominate their neighbouring states and permit rulers such as Motecuhzoma II to impose Aztec ideals and religion across Mexico. Highly accomplished in agriculture and trade, the last of the great Mesoamerican civilizations was also noted for its.

Agriculture. The pre-conquest Aztecs were an empire that prospered agriculturally, and they did so without the wheel or domestic beasts of burden. Just as other aspects of this society, Aztec agriculture was highly developed, and has become famous in studies of history. From the chinampas to the terrace crops grown, the Aztecs planned and organized their farming and .

Aztec, self name Culhua-Mexica, Nahuatl-speaking people who in the 15th and early 16th centuries ruled a large empire in what is now central and southern Aztecs are so called from Aztlán (“White Land”), an allusion to their origins, probably in northern Mexico.

They were also called the Tenochca, from an eponymous ancestor, Tenoch, and the Mexica, probably from Metzliapán. The Aztecs (/ ˈ æ z t ɛ k s /) were a Mesoamerican culture that flourished in central Mexico in the post-classic period from to The Aztec peoples included different ethnic groups of central Mexico, particularly those groups who spoke the Nahuatl language and who dominated large parts of Mesoamerica from the 14th to the 16th centuries.

Aztec culture was organized into city-states.

Aztecs agriculture

Traditional slash-and-burn agriculture persists in the most isolated areas, but plow agriculture has replaced it in many places.

Chinampa agriculture is limited to the Valley of Mexico: small artificial islands are built up about 1 foot (about 30 centimetres) above the level of the shallow waters of a freshwater lake, formed from the mud and vegetation of the lake floor.

Human sacrifice in Aztec culture - Wikipedia