These laws are independent of the will of man, who cannot change it. However it may be revealed or not, so it may change in human perception in time through new revelation. On the other hand, Creon does not want Polynices to receive a burial because he betrayed his native city and should receive a suitable punishment. Antigone was right in defying the King Creon because she had the right to bury her brother and her brother had the right to receive a respectful burial which would honor their family.
Laiusa previous king of Thebes, had given the rule to Creon while he went to consult the oracle at Delphi. Over the course of the play, as Oedipus comes closer to discovering the truth about Jocasta, Creon plays a constant role close to him. When Oedipus summons Tiresias to tell him what is plaguing the city and Tiresias tells him that he is the problem, Oedipus accuses Creon of conspiring against him.
Creon argues that he does not Creon a god to rule and would, therefore, have no incentive to overthrow Oedipus. However, when the truth is revealed about Jocasta, and Oedipus requests to be exiled, it is Creon who grants his wish and takes the throne in his stead. Antigone[ edit ] In Antigone, Creon is the ruler of Thebes.
Polynices left the kingdom, gathered an army and attacked the city of Thebes in a conflict called the Seven Against Thebes. The Thebans won the war, but both sons of Oedipus were killed, leaving Creon as ruler once more, serving as regent for Laodamasthe son of Eteocles. Such state of non-burial was considered a frightening and terrible prospect in the culture of ancient Greece.
Antigone tells Creon that it is the duty of the living to bury the dead and that if a body is not buried then the one who died will wander around in nowhere aimlessly for all eternity. Creon finally relents after advice from the chorus leader choragosafter Tiresias tells him to bury the body. However, when Creon arrives at the tomb where she was to be interred, Antigone has already hanged herself rather than be buried alive.
His son, Haemonthreatens him and tries to kill him but ends up taking his own life. His behavior, however, suggests otherwise. He aggressively preaches the concept of family honor to his son, Haemon.
Creon also believes that his decrees are consistent with the will of the gods and with the best interests of the people, whether true or not. When a legitimate argument is raised against his course of action by Tiresias, he is in fact completely open to changing course, even before he learns of the deaths of his family members.
In Oedipus Rex, he appears to favor the will of the gods above decrees of state. Even when Oedipus says that, once dethroned, he must be exiled, Creon waits for the approval of the gods to carry out the order once he has been crowned king.
Some explanation for these discrepancies in personality may be drawn from his characterization in the third of the Oedipus plays by Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus.
Here, Creon takes on another persona: He is a "colorless figure" beyond his official position, which suggests that his differing personality traits in the books are because he is a flexible figure whom poets can characterize as they please. At the end of Oedipus Rex, Creon takes the throne directly from Oedipus.
As in Antigone, he refuses to allow the burial of defeated enemies. Though much discussed, he does not appear as a character in either version.
This alternate narrative may have been based on a previous epic of the Theban cycle written by the Greek poet Antimachus in the 4th or 5th century BC. Oxford University Press, This statement can be interpreted in two ways: (1) the chorus agrees with Creon and calls for the death of the individual who buried Polyneices; (2) the chorus condemns Creon .
Creon and Antigone represent the madness in the world when a certain dimension of life is taken to the extreme. Their lives are destroyed by the close-mindedness of their beliefs. They both believe a certain aspect of life holds superiority over every other element.
For Creon, the King of Thebes, the political sphere of life is all that matters.
Teiresias speaking to Creon "I tell you, Creon, you yourself have brought this new calamity upon us." "Think: all men make mistakes, but a good man yields when he knows his course is wrong. Creon (/ ˈ k r iː ɒ n /; Greek: Κρέων, Kreōn) is a figure in Greek mythology best known as the ruler of Thebes in the legend of Oedipus.
He had four sons and three daughters with his wife, Eurydice (sometimes known as Henioche): Henioche, Pyrrha, Megareus Play: Oedipus at Colonus, Oedipus the King, Antigone, The Phoenician Women, Oedipus.
God Versus Man in Antigone Throughout Sophocles’ drama, Antigone, there are many themes that can be traced. One of the most predominant themes is god versus man, which appears not only in Antigone, but also in many of the classic Greek tragedies written in Sophocles’ time.
Creon's hubris is tied directly to his stubborn and short-sighted insistence that the concerns of the king and the concerns of the state are of greater importance than the concerns of the gods.