Manic-depressive illness in childhood. Childhood Psychology and Psychiatry, 1, ECT in metropolitan New York hospitals: A survey of practice,
Enjoy free essays, examples of research papers, sample term papers, free dissertation samples and paper writing tips for all students. Example papers and sample papers on the most popular topics. At the time three mental illnesses dominated the clinical scene, neurosyphisis, described as dementia paralytica, dementia praecox schizophrenia todayand manic depressive insanity.
Caretakers of the mentally ill commonly resorted to chains, restraining chairs, cold and hot baths, and seclusion. Morphine, bromides, barbiturates, and chloral hydrate kept patients asleep but did little to heal their illnesses. The mentally ill were housed in large state supported hospitals with full authority to treat inmates.
Many experimental and unsafe treatments were done. Bodily infections were considered a cause of mental disorder, so teeth, tonsils, gall bladder and large sections of the colon were removed.
Surgical removal of sexual organs, salpingectomy and vasectomy was another treatment. It became mandatory to sterilize criminals, idiots, imbeciles and rapists in 30 states in Ladislas Meduna, a physician trained in neurology and neuropathology, was examining human postmortem specimens at the Hungarian Psychiatric Research Institute in Budapest.
He observed that patients with dementia had fewer than the normal number of neuroglia and that the brains of patients with epilepsy had markedly more. The neuroglia are the myriads of branched cells in the central nervous system that provide a supporting network for the neurons, the main cells of the brain that are the basis for thought, memory, emotion and action.
He surmised that if he could develop epileptic seizures in patients he would reduce dementia. The first seizure therapy was done by injecting camphor-in-oil and his patient recovered without harm, and improved mental state. The Metrazol therapy was a frightening event because of the severe side effects, and at the University Hospital in Rome a 39 year old man was admitted for the first ECT procedure ever done.
A team headed by Ugo Cerletti and Luigi Bini applied a current that produced a grand mal seizure and the patient improved and recovered. The physician, following a prescribed procedure, induces an epileptic seizure in the brain. The physiologic functions of the body are monitored, and anything out of the ordinary is immediately treated.
The treatment is safe for patients of all ages, from children to the elderly, for people with debilitating systemic illnesses and for pregnant women. It relieves symptoms more quickly and lastingly than the use of psychotropic drugs. Treatments are usually given three times a weed for two to seven weeks.
To sustain recovery, weekly or biweekly treatments are administered for several months. The duration of a course of electroconvulsive therapy is similar to that of the psychotropic medications frequently used for the same condition. Modern ECT uses a square-wave form of energy which has a slight, effect on memory.
The frequency of the square waves varies from 30 to 60 cycles per second, with a pulse of 0. The duration of the stimulation varies between 0. Amplifiers record the EEG and the ECG during the seizure, permitting the doctor to evaluate the quality of each treatment.Essay After researching electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), I have decided that if a close family member or even myself were severely depressed I would not support the use of ECT.
Electroconvulsive therapy consists of an electrical shock, which is used to produce a seizure. Analysing The Use Of Electroconvulsive Therapy In Prisons Psychology Essay. Print Reference this Electroconvulsive therapy is a treatment method that has been used to effectively treat individuals with severe depression for many years.
ECT has been proven time and time again through research and practice to be an effective means to. Electroconvulsive Therapy Research Essay - Electroconvulsive Therapy, a procedure in which electric currents are passed through the brain, intentionally triggering a brief seizure, can provide relief from psychiatric illnesses such as major depression and dysthymia.
Currently in the U.S., depression and dysthymia is becoming a serious . Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is utilized worldwide for various severe and treatment-resistant psychiatric disorders. Research studies have shown that ECT is the most effective and rapid treatment available for elderly patients with depression, bipolar disorder and psychosis.
Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) is a Safe Treatment for Mental Disorders Words | 9 Pages. Statement Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a treatment for severe mental illness in which the brain is stimulated with a strong electrical current which induces a seizure.
Below is an essay on "Electroconvulsive Therapy" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples. Electroconvulsive therapy, formerly known as electroshock, is a psychiatric treatment in which seizures are electrically induced .