Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Throughout history, various conflicts could have been lessened or avoided by encouraging cultural relativism. People throughout the world are greatly influenced by the cultural and environment in which they are raised.
Cultural Relativism Theory and Virtue ethics Cultural Relativism Theory and Virtue ethics 6 June Culture Essay 1 Write an essay based on any of the topics covered in class during the period of week 1 and week 6. Paper must be between 2 and 3 pages excluding cover page, annexes, and reference page.
It is also the oldest philosophical theory that speaks about the nature of morality. In this topic of Cultural Relativism Theory there is no universal truth. The moral code in a society maybe good or bad, nobody knows, so nobody can judge whose better.
The moral code of a society determines what is right within that society and it is mere arrogance for us to try judge the conduct of other people In Cultural Relativism Theory each culture has different moral codes and their moral code could be good or bad in that society.
Instead they practiced cremation at which they believe that is the proper way of disposing a dead body. The Eskimos men have more than one wife at which they share it with a guest as a sign of hospitality in which also other men can have sexual access to a woman at which a woman can Essays on cultural relativism as an ethical theory her husband and find a new partner.
They also have less regard for human life and infanticide the female babies and also the old people are left to die at which nobody cares. For cultural difference argument we might think that it seems reasonable but we found out that it is not.
For cultural relativism theory there is a certain form of argument at which its strategy used by cultural relativists is to argue from the facts about the differences between cultural outlooks to a conclusion about the status of morality.
As we can go back and look at the example about the Callatians at which the Greeks believed that it was wrong to eat the dead, whereas the Callatians believed it was right. Therefore eating the dead is neither objectively right nor objectively wrong.
It is just an opinion that varies from culture to culture. Also there is a general argument in which different cultures have different moral codes and that there is no objective truth in morality and that these are just matter of opinions that varies from culture to culture.
The trouble for cultural relativism theory is that the conclusion does not follow the idea that forms the basis of the argument and that is if the idea which forms the argument might be true, the conclusion might still be false.
However, we might say that one culture may be wrong while the other is right or both might be wrong, or both might be correct, nobody knows.
Furthermore, if you take cultural relativism seriously there are consequences. First, we could no longer say that the customs of other societies are morally inferior to our own. This means that we would stop condemning other societies only because they are different from us.
Also we would be stopped criticizing other societies or culture. Also this forbids us to criticize our own culture. In addition, all cultures value for their children, for honesty and no killing.
In conclusion we learned from cultural relativism that it rest on an invalid argument, universal truth does not exists, there is no better culture, different cultures might have different moral codes but not one is right or wrong because nobody can judge.
Essay 2 Write an essay based on any of the topics covered in class during the period of week 7 and week The Ethics of Virtue There were three philosophers that approached ethics by asking what is a good man, what makes someone to become virtuous and what traits of character make one a good person?
These philosophers are Aristotle, Socrates and Plato. However, the modern philosophers approached ethics in a different way by asking what is the right thing to do?
Therefore, this leads them to a different direction and went on to develop their own theories about righteousness, obligation and duty, not of virtue. They talked about ethical egoism in which each person ought to do whatever will best promote his or her own interests.
Also utilitarianism that we ought to do whatever will promote the greatest happiness for the greatest number.
Lastly they spoke about social contract theory that the right thing to do is to follow the rules that rational, self-interested people can agree to establish for their mutual benefit. These theories were familiar by the modern philosophers from the seventeenth century. A theory of virtue should have several components.
First, there should be an explanation of what a virtue is. Second, a list should be given that specifies which character traits are considered to be virtues. Third, is that they should explain what these virtues consist.
Lastly, is that the theory should tell us if these are virtues are the same for all people or do they differ from person to person.
Aristotle suggested an answer for the definition of what a virtue is and he says that it is a trait of character manifested in habitual action. Pincoff says that virtues are those traits of character that lead us to seek people and vices are those traits of character that leads us to avoid people.
However we may define virtue as a trait of character, manifested in habitual action, that it is good for a person to have.Cultural Relativism Theory Cultural Relativism Theory is morality that differs in every society, and is a convenient term for socially approved habits.
It is also the oldest philosophical theory that speaks about the nature of morality.
In explaining Cultural Relativism, it is useful to compare and contrast it with Ethical Relativism. Cultural Relativism is a theory about morality focused on the concept that matters of custom and ethics are not universal in nature but rather are culture specific. Each culture evolves its own unique.
Ethical relativism essaysEthical relativism is supported by the disagreement about what is right and wrong because of personal and social ethical relativism and the natural law theory. Ethical relativism can be defined as a theory that holds that there are no universally accepted moral standards.
Ethical relativism argues that the ethics of a society evolve with time and change to fit circumstances. This paper will focus on the five ethic theories by describing them and major solely on one theory that supersedes the others and justifying the reasons why it is commonly considered.
Ethical universalism can be viewed as an ideal world, while ethical relativism explains a more realistic perspective on why different cultures can view the same actions differently.
The two delve more into the essential meaning of a theory rather than just simply labeling actions as right or wrong. Essay on Ethical Relativism and Cultural Relativism - In explaining Cultural Relativism, it is useful to compare and contrast it with Ethical Relativism.
Cultural Relativism is a theory about morality focused on the concept that matters of custom and ethics are not universal in nature but rather are culture specific.