Prince ton University, A.
The Protocols of Joly Anyone who starts looking into the Protocols of the Meetings of the Learned Elders of Zion will frequently encounter the old chestnut about a "hoax" or a "forgery".
When Philip Graves made the allegation inlong before the days of the internet and all the pages detailing the various logical fallacies, his target audience had never heard of a circular argument or a non sequitur. Debunking Graves is as easy as falling off a log. Proponents of the "forgery" theory have an argument that runs like this: The forgery theorists will frequently not even bother to include part 2.
By going from their premise 1 directly to their conclusion 3their argument becomes a non sequitur. The conclusion does not follow from the premise.
In order to get from 1 to 3they must include other postulates such as 2. Although premise 1 is truepremise 2 and conclusion 3 are both false. Clearly, the hypothetical "anti-Semites", alleged by Jews to have authored the Protocols with the help of a bit of plagiarism, do not have a monopoly on copying other people's work.
Jewish supremacists who were plotting world conquest had more motives for plagiarism than the alleged "anti-Semites".
Both would have saved time and effort.
Jewish supremacists also had a powerful motive in that if the Protocols was discovered, they would be able to blame "anti-Semites", citing the "forgery" charge as their 'proof'. Ultimately, as we shall see, the decision to have the Protocols writers deliberately copy previous works in such a way that a number of parallel passages were strikingly obvious was taken by Alphonse de Rothschild.
His inspiration for this contingency plan, of crying "forgery" in the event of discovery, can be traced to the fact that aroundat the time of his Protocols project, he discovered that merchants from countries such as Russia were bottling cheap wine and selling it with "Lafite Rothschild" labels on the bottles.
Thus, with the pirates forging Rothschild's labels, the concept of forgery would have been playing on his mind.
And whatever his views were on Russians, the experience would hardly have changed them for the better! When the Protocols Deniers put up their non sequitur argument and don't explicitly state 2they are aware that many of their dupes will implicitly assume 2given how the mainstream media has conditioned many people to perceive Jews - and "anti-Semites".
Alternatively, if they do include 2they have inserted a false postulate, and thus their argument is circular. They have started out with their desired conclusion, and have set up a false proposition in order to obtain their conclusion. Philip Graves states four "conclusions" as his 'evidence' of "forgery": As shown above, that is not evidence of forgery.
Moreover, Graves is forced to concede that "there is no evidence as to how the Geneva Dialogues reached Russia", which is consistent with the Protocols originating somewhere other than Russia. How odd that when the Russians are supposed to be "forging" a document, instead of Russians in Russia writing it in Russian, it is supposed to be Russians in Paris writing it in French, according to the "forgery" proponents' own conspiracy theory!
The Protocols "served as a weapon against the Russian Liberals". Again, this is not evidence of forgery, since the Protocols would have served as a political "weapon" irrespective of who authored them. In order for "forged" Protocols to be as useful to the Russian conservatives as the genuine article, the forger would need to do an excellent job - and forgery proponents contend that the easily spotted parallel passages occurred as a result of a "rush job", as opposed to a deliberate planting of 'evidence' that was intended to be so obvious that it could hardly be missed in the event of the Protocols' discovery.
However, Jewish supremacists would be aware that the work might be discovered, and would plan accordingly. They would have a powerful motive to do a hasty job of paraphrasing, so that the plagiarism would detected within two or three decades, would be more evident upon discovery, and "anti-Semites" could be blamed for the "forgery".
Any hypothetical "anti-Semites" would have more motive to do a good job, so that their "fraud" might remain undetected and the Protocols would continue to serve a political purpose. Where the Protocols are not derived from the Geneva Dialogues, they "were probably supplied by the Okhrana" the Russian secret police.
This is simply wishful thinking and baseless speculation on the part of Graves. As we shall see, the Okhrana's archives were saved, shipped to the US, and opened inand there was zero evidence of a plot to forge the Protocols.
Moreover, there is ample evidence that the Okhrana did not create the Protocols.Nick Ripatrazone is a staff writer for The Millions. He has written for Rolling Stone, The Paris Review, The Atlantic, Esquire, and The Kenyon Review.
His newest book is Ember Days, a collection of urbanagricultureinitiative.com lives in New Jersey with his wife and twin daughters. Vol.
46, No. 2, Summer ARTICLES. Trafficking, Prostitution, and Inequality Catharine A. MacKinnon. A Free Irresponsible Press: Wikileaks and the Battle over the Soul of . The year figure quoted above is for ALL Europeans. For North Americans the heritage is more recent. During Harold B. Lee’s presidency, somewhere between 3 and 4 percent of Mormon priesthood holders had black African ancestry as recent as six generations back in their family tree.
Find out everything you ever wanted to know about the history of Main Street Plaza, the Brodie Awards, and Mormon Alumni Association Books!!I have just made a guest appearance on the always-entertaining “Mormon Happy Hour” Podcast. With host Colleen, in addition to discussing my LDS-interest projects, we did a fun send-up/smack-down of all of the new policies of the new head of the CoJCoL.
Archives and past articles from the Philadelphia Inquirer, Philadelphia Daily News, and urbanagricultureinitiative.com Not all racial incidents are racist incidents, Lawrence Blum says. "We need a more varied and nuanced moral vocabulary for talking about the arena of race.5/5(1).