Excerpt from Term Paper: Islam and the Clash of Civilizations World civilization has known in the last decades some of the most important political, economic, and in particular cultural developments of the 20th century.
Toggle display of website navigation Feature: The cultural fault line that divides the West and the Muslim world is not about democracy but sex. According to a new survey, Muslims and their Western counterparts want democracy, yet they are worlds apart when it comes to attitudes toward divorce, abortion, gender equality, and gay rights -- which may not bode well for democracy's future in the Middle East.
November 4,9: Christopher Shays of Connecticut, after sitting through hours of testimony on U. This claim seems all too plausible given the failure of electoral democracy to take root throughout the Middle East and North Africa.
According to the latest Freedom House rankings, almost two thirds of the countries around the world are now electoral democracies.
But among the 47 countries with a Muslim majority, only one fourth are electoral democracies — and none of the core Arabic-speaking societies falls into this category. Yet this circumstantial evidence does little to prove Huntington correct, since it reveals nothing about the underlying beliefs of Muslim publics.
Indeed, there has been scant empirical evidence whether Western and Muslim societies exhibit deeply divergent values — that is, until now. The cumulative results of the two most recent waves of the World Values Survey WVSconducted in andprovide an extensive body of relevant evidence.
Culture does matter — indeed, it matters a lot. Historical religious traditions have left an enduring imprint on contemporary values. However, Huntington is mistaken in assuming that the core clash between the West and Islam is over political values.
At this point in history, societies throughout the world Muslim and Judeo-Christian alike see democracy as the best form of government. In other words, the values separating the two cultures have much more to do with eros than demos.
As younger generations in the West have gradually become more liberal on these issues, Muslim nations have remained the most traditional societies in the world. This gap in values mirrors the widening economic divide between the West and the Muslim world.
Thus, the people of the Muslim world overwhelmingly want democracy, but democracy may not be sustainable in their societies. But in the last decade, democracy became virtually the only political model with global appeal, no matter what the culture.
With the exception of Pakistan, most of the Muslim countries surveyed think highly of democracy: In Albania, Egypt, Bangladesh, Azerbaijan, Indonesia, Morocco, and Turkey, 92 to 99 percent of the public endorsed democratic institutions — a higher proportion than in the United States 89 percent.
Yet, as heartening as these results may be, paying lip service to democracy does not necessarily prove that people genuinely support basic democratic norms — or that their leaders will allow them to have democratic institutions.
Although constitutions of authoritarian states such as China profess to embrace democratic ideals such as freedom of religion, the rulers deny it in practice. But this sentiment needs to be complemented by deeper underlying attitudes such as interpersonal trust and tolerance of unpopular groups — and these values must ultimately be accepted by those who control the army and secret police.The True Clash of Civilizations - Free download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online for free.
article by Ronald Inglehart and Pippa Norris * Foreign Policy March/April civilization: separation of religious and secular authority, rule of law and social pluralism, parliam. By Ronald Inglehart, Pippa Norris | November 4, , PM Democracy promotion in Islamic countries is now one of the Bush administration’s most popular talking points.
The True Clash of Civilizations.
(Fish ; Inglehart and Norris ). The results here lend sup- port to the idea that it is not one's denomination, but one's status as a religious minority. Ronald Inglehart and Pippa Norris, The True Clash of Civilizations, Foreign Policy March/April “ The cultural fault line that divides the West and the Muslim world is not about democracy but sex%(6).
Ronald Inglehart and Pippa Norris have argued that the "true clash of civilizations" between the Muslim world and the West is caused by the Muslim rejection of the West's more liberal sexual values, rather than a difference in political ideology, although they note that this lack of tolerance is likely to lead to an eventual rejection of (true.
The Clash of Civilization theory proposed by Samuel Huntington in his article of Foreign Affairs has the following premises clearly pointed out in the beginning: "it is my hypothesis that the fundamental source of conflict in this new world will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic.