See Article History Ziggurat, pyramidal stepped temple tower that is an architectural and religious structure characteristic of the major cities of Mesopotamia now mainly in Iraq from approximately until bce. The ziggurat was always built with a core of mud brick and an exterior covered with baked brick.
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|Ziggurat of Ur (article) | Sumerian | Khan Academy||Description[ edit ] Ziggurats were built by ancient SumeriansAkkadiansAssyriansElamitesEblaites and Babylonians for local religions, predominantly Mesopotamian religion and Elamite religion. Each ziggurat was part of a temple complex which included other buildings.|
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Ziggurat of Ur, c. Like an ancient Egyptian pyramid, an ancient Near Eastern ziggurat has four sides and rises up to the realm of the gods. However, unlike Egyptian pyramids, the exterior of Ziggurats were not smooth but tiered to accommodate the work which took place at the structure as well as the administrative oversight and religious rituals essential to Ancient Near Eastern cities.
Ziggurats are found scattered around what is today Iraq and Iran, and stand as an imposing testament to the power and skill of the ancient culture that produced them.
One of the largest and best-preserved ziggurats of Mesopotamia is the great Ziggurat at Ur. Small excavations occurred at the site around the turn of the twentieth century, and in the s Sir Leonard Woolley, in a joint project with the University of Pennsylvania Museum in Philadelphia and the British Museum in London, revealed the monument in its entirety.
Three monumental staircases led up to a gate at the first terrace level. Next, a single staircase rose to a second terrace which supported a platform on which a temple and the final and highest terrace stood. The core of the ziggurat is made of mud brick covered with baked bricks laid with bitumen, a naturally occurring tar.
Each of the baked bricks measured about The lower portion of the ziggurat, which supported the first terrace, would have used somebaked bricks.
The resources needed to build the Ziggurat at Ur are staggering. The structure would have been the highest point in the city by far and, like the spire of a medieval cathedral, would have been visible for miles around, a focal point for travelers and the pious alike.
As the Ziggurat supported the temple of the patron god of the city of Ur, it is likely that it was the place where the citizens of Ur would bring agricultural surplus and where they would go to receive their regular food allotments.
In antiquity, to visit the ziggurat at Ur was to seek both spiritual and physical nourishment. Some blue glazed bricks have been found which archaeologists suspect might have been part of the temple decoration.
The lower parts of the ziggurat, which do survive, include amazing details of engineering and design.
For instance, because the unbaked mud brick core of the temple would, according to the season, be alternatively more or less damp, the architects included holes through the baked exterior layer of the temple allowing water to evaporate from its core.
The first restoration was in antiquity. The last Neo-Babylonian king, Nabodinus, apparently replaced the two upper terraces of the structure in the 6th century B.
Since this most recent restoration, however, the Ziggurat at Ur has experienced some damage. US soldiers decend the Ziggurat of Ur, Tell el-Mukayyar, Iraq During the recent war led by American and coalition forces, Saddam Hussein parked his MiG fighter jets next to the Ziggurat, believing that the bombers would spare them for fear of destroying the ancient site.Ziggurat is a dungeon crawling FPS, with procedurally generated scenarios and encounters.
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The ziggurat itself is the base on which the White Temple is set.
Its purpose is to get the temple closer to the heavens, and provide access from the ground to it via steps. An example of an extensive and massive ziggurat is the Marduk ziggurat, or Etemenanki, of ancient Babylon.
The ziggurat at Borsippa had a base of earthwork feet on each side, and was 26 feet high. Every important city had its temple, and attached to its temple its ziggurat, which was a temple-observatory. The ziggurat was a pyramidal structure, built in receding tiers upon a rectangular, oval, or square platform, with a shrine at the summit.
The core of the ziggurat was of sun-baked bricks, and the facings were of fired bricks, often glazed in different colors, which are . Ziggurat XYZ is a talent management and production company, investing in the future of digital programming.
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