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Celtic tribes[ edit ] Early inhabitants of Yorkshire were Celtswho formed two separate tribes, the Brigantes and the Parisi.
The tribe controlled most of Northern England and more territory than any other Celtic tribe in England. That they had the Yorkshire area as their heartland is evident in that Isurium Brigantum now known as Aldborough was the capital town of their civitas under Roman rule.
Six of the nine Brigantian poleis described by Claudius Ptolemaeus in the Geographia fall within the historic county. Initially, this situation suited both the Romans and the Brigantes, who were known as the most militant tribe in Britain.
Queen Cartimandua left her husband Venutius for his armour bearer, Vellocatussetting off a chain of events which changed control of the Yorkshire area.
Cartimandua, due to her good relationship with the Romans, was able to keep control of the kingdom; however, her former husband staged rebellions against her and her Roman allies.
This saw his son Constantine the Greatwho became renowned for his contributions to Christianity, proclaimed emperor in the city. By this stage, the Western Empire was in intermittent decline.
The area which this kingdom covered included most of Southern Northumbria, roughly equivalent to the borders of Yorkshire extending further West.
The Kingdom prospered, taking advantage of the vast trading network of the Viking nations, and established commercial ties with the British IslesNorth-West Europe, the Mediterranean and the Middle East. After around years of its volatile existence, the Kingdom of Jorvik finally came to an end.
The Kingdom of Wessex was now in its ascendant and established its dominance over the North in general, placing Yorkshire again within Northumbriawhich retained a certain amount of autonomy as an almost-independent earldom rather than a separate kingdom.
The Wessex Kings of England were reputed to have respected the Norse customs in Yorkshire and left law-making in the hands of the local aristocracy. Tostig and Hardrada were both killed and their army was defeated decisively.
However, Harold Godwinson was forced immediately to march his army back down to the South where William the Conqueror was landing. The King was defeated at Hastings, which led to the Norman conquest of England. They tried to take back York, but the Normans burnt it before they could.
From York to Durhamcrops, domestic animals, and farming tools were scorched. Many villages between the towns were burnt and local northerners were indiscriminately murdered. Orderic Vitalis estimated that "more than ," people from the North died from hunger. Norman landowners were keen to increase their revenues and established new towns such as BarnsleyDoncasterHullLeedsScarborough and Sheffieldamong others.
Of towns founded before the conquest, only BridlingtonPocklingtonand York continued at a prominent level. Eventually the two houses fought for the throne of England in a series of civil wars, commonly known as the Wars of the Roses. Some of the battles took place in Yorkshire, such as those at Wakefield and Towtonthe latter of which is known as the bloodiest battle ever fought on English soil.
In football, matches between Manchester United and Leeds United are usually described as "War of the Roses" gamesthe teams' home kits being the colour of the respective rose. Civil War and textile industry[ edit ] The wool textile industry, which had previously been a cottage industry, centred on the old market towns moved to the West Riding where entrepreneurs were building mills that took advantage of water power gained by harnessing the rivers and streams flowing from the Pennines.
The developing textile industry helped Wakefield and Halifax grow. Some Catholics in Yorkshire continued to practise their religion and those caught were executed during the reign of Elizabeth I. One such person was a York woman named Margaret Clitherow who was later canonised.
The royalists won the Battle of Adwalton Moor meaning they controlled Yorkshire with the exception of Hull. From their base in Hull the Parliamentarians "Roundheads" fought back, re-taking Yorkshire town by town, until they won the Battle of Marston Moor and with it control of all of the North of England.
In the following century the spa towns of Harrogate and Scarborough flourished, due to people believing mineral water had curative properties. The 19th century saw Yorkshire's continued growth, with the population growing and the Industrial Revolution continuing with prominent industries in coal, textile and steel especially in Sheffield and Rotherham.
However, despite the booming industry, living conditions declined in the industrial towns due to overcrowding. This saw bouts of cholera in both and Several Yorkshire railway networks were introduced as railways spread across the country to reach remote areas.Yorkshire (/ ˈ j ɔːr k ʃ ər, -ʃ ɪər /; abbreviated Yorks), formally known as the County of York, is a historic county of Northern England and the largest in the United Kingdom.
Due to its great size in comparison to other English counties, functions have been undertaken over time by its subdivisions, which have also been subject to periodic reform. Feb 18, · Yorkshire Wildlife Park Yorkshire Wildlife Park Discussion in 'United Kingdom' started by veeboy31, 4 Jan Tags: Does "compassionate conservation" work?
Latest: LaughingDove, 27 Sep at PM. Wildlife & Nature Conservation. Akron Zoo Akron Zoo News Mr. Snarky suggested a couple of things, including going to a safari park. When we were sharing weekend plans at work, one of my colleagues suggested Yorkshire Wildlife Park when I asked if there was a safari park around.4/4(8).
Yorkshire Dales Millennium Trust Yorkshire Dales National Park We're looking for a Development Officer to become part of our fundraising team to help grow our income and develop the work of the Yorkshire Dales Millennium.
The Management Plan sets out our ambitions for how the National Park will be looked after over the next five to ten years. It guides the work that we do to secure a prosperous future for the National Park and its communities. You will then be directed to the Yorkshire Wildlife Park website, and a new window will open displaying the voucher code.
To see the code, simply view the new window. Here you will be able to copy the code so that you can return to the original window with the Yorkshire Wildlife Park site and paste the code into the relevant box during the.