Biography and his Contribution towards Postmodernity Article shared by: Jacques Derrida was not a sociologist. And, at the same time, postmodernity is not a theme of traditional sociology.
He was also born into an environment of some discrimination. In fact, he either withdrew from, or was forced out of at least two schools during his childhood simply on account of being Jewish.
While Derrida would resist any reductive understanding of his work based upon his biographical life, it could be argued that these kind of experiences played a large role in his insistence upon the importance of the marginal, and the other, in his later thought.
Derrida was twice refused a position in the prestigious Ecole Normale Superieure where Sartre, Simone de Beauvoir and the majority of French intellectuals and academics writing and difference derrida e-books free their careersbut he was eventually accepted to the institution at the age of He hence moved from Algiers to France, and soon after he also began to play a major role in the leftist journal Tel Quel.
Derrida's initial work in philosophy was largely phenomenological, and his early training as a philosopher was done largely through the lens of Husserl. Other important inspirations on his early thought include NietzscheHeideggerSaussure, Levinas and Freud.
Derrida acknowledges his indebtedness to all of these thinkers in the development of his approach to texts, which has come to be known as 'deconstruction'. It was in that Derrida really arrived as a philosopher of world importance. All of these works have been influential for different reasons, but it is Of Grammatology that remains his most famous work it is analysed in some detail in this article.
In Of Grammatology, Derrida reveals and then undermines the speech-writing opposition that he argues has been such an influential factor in Western thought.
His preoccupation with language in this text is typical of much of his early work, and since the publication of these and other major texts including Dissemination, Glas, The Postcard, Spectres of Marx, The Gift of Death, and Politics of Friendshipdeconstruction has gradually moved from occupying a major role in continental Europe, to also becoming a significant player in the Anglo-American philosophical context.
This is particularly so in the areas of literary criticism, and cultural studies, where deconstruction's method of textual analysis has inspired theorists like Paul de Man. He has also had lecturing positions at various universities, the world over. Derrida died in Deconstruction has frequently been the subject of some controversy.
When Derrida was awarded an honorary doctorate at Cambridge inthere were howls of protest from many 'analytic' philosophers. However, what is clear from the antipathy of such thinkers is that deconstruction challenges traditional philosophy in several important ways, and the remainder of this article will highlight why this is so.
Deconstructive Strategy Derrida, like many other contemporary European theorists, is preoccupied with undermining the oppositional tendencies that have befallen much of the Western philosophical tradition. In fact, dualisms are the staple diet of deconstruction, for without these hierarchies and orders of subordination it would be left with nowhere to intervene.
Deconstruction is parasitic in that rather than espousing yet another grand narrative, or theory about the nature of the world in which we partake, it restricts itself to distorting already existing narratives, and to revealing the dualistic hierarchies they conceal.
While Derrida's claims to being someone who speaks solely in the margins of philosophy can be contested, it is important to take these claims into account. Deconstruction is, somewhat infamously, the philosophy that says nothing. To the extent that it can be suggested that Derrida's concerns are often philosophical, they are clearly not phenomenological he assures us that his work is to be read specifically against HusserlSartre and Merleau-Ponty and nor are they ontological.
Deconstruction, and particularly early deconstruction, functions by engaging in sustained analyses of particular texts.
It is committed to the rigorous analysis of the literal meaning of a text, and yet also to finding within that meaning, perhaps in the neglected corners of the text including the footnotesinternal problems that actually point towards alternative meanings.One of the most influential and controversial thinkers of the twentieth-century, Jacques Derrida’s ideas on deconstruction have had a lasting impact on philosophy, literature and cultural studies.
Jacques Derrida: Basic Writings is the first. In the s a radical concept emerged from the great French thinker Jacques Derrida. Read the book that changed the way we think; read . Mr Derrida's father was a salesman of Sephardic Jewish extraction.
Born in a suburb of Algiers, Jacques was expelled from his school at the age of 12 because of the Vichy government's racial laws.
Ebooks download Writing and Difference [DOWNLOAD] 1. Ebooks download Writing and Difference [DOWNLOAD] 2. Book details. Derrida on Translation and his (Mis)reception in America version of Writing and Difference. 2 One can mention among other studies, and in reverse chronological order, that come to mind when one thinks of Derrida’s writing on translation.
The first of these, “Living On,” though quite well known. Prodigiously influential, Jacques Derrida gave rise to a comprehensive rethinking of the basic concepts and categories of Western philosophy in the latter part of the twentieth century, with writings central to our understanding of language, meaning, identity, ethics and values.